Urinary Incontinence in Pregnancy

There is much talk in the little annoyances of pregnancy: heartburn, swollen feet, pain in the legs and in the column, constant urge to go to the bathroom…and with this desire, the chance of small “accidents” of urine escape. Although cause embarrassment and shame in women, urinary incontinence is common in that period: 40% of pregnant women reported some degree of incontinence during the nine months. But why is this so common in pregnancy, and how to decrease the discomfort? You will find in today’s post.

Causes of urinary incontinence in pregnancy

There are several reasons for the occurrence of urinary incontinence in pregnancy. The weight of the baby can put pressure on the urinary sphincter, and your growth shifts the uterus and presses the bladder. In addition, women’s hormones during pregnancy also relax the muscles of the perineum.

These three factors increase the risk of small urine leaks that characterize urinary incontinence, and frequent especially in the last months of pregnancy with maternity makeup.

Some studies show that overweight women, with more than 35 years or with a history in the family are more likely to develop incontinence during pregnancy, but this condition can also be linked to aging, post-operative and even sports. Symptoms increase in intensity if they are associated with some unexpected effort, such as sneezing or coughing.

How to prevent

Kegel exercises are the best way to prevent urinary incontinence, not only during pregnancy but also in postpartum and in the following years. These exercises can be targeted by a professional specialized in the area, such as the physical educator, nurse, physiotherapist or midwife itself, and should be done every day, two or three times a day. One of the ways to achieve them is contract the pelvic muscles for a period of 10 seconds, and then keep them relaxed for 15 seconds.

It is important to identify exactly the muscle that must be contracted: it is used when we interrupt the flow of urine. But beware: this is just a way to identify the muscle. The exercises should be performed with the bladder empty. These exercises can be done in lying position, sitting and even on foot, anywhere, and your effectiveness depends on the number of repetitions daily.

How to treat urinary incontinence in pregnancy

The pregnant woman can breathe relieved: despite the discomfort, urinary incontinence in pregnancy does not cause any risk to the baby or the woman. The treatment of this condition depends on the intensity and frequency of symptoms, and can include Kegel exercises, weight gain, behavioral techniques (bladder training), abstaining from alcohol and cigarettes, scheduled trips to the bathroom and eat healthily, with varied menu.

Another measure that can help to lessen the impact of urinary incontinence in the life of the pregnant woman is the use of tampons journals specific to contain urine leaks. They are comfortable, discreet, feature anatomical format and have odor neutralizer. Are easily found and have affordable cost, enabling an improvement in the quality of life of the pregnant woman.

Do you still have any questions about this matter, which is still taboo for many people. Leave your comment on our site or on social networks, and share this post with your friends. Ask questions about urinary incontinence and has a tranquil pregnancy and without constraints.

Gallery

T. Ahadi MD Assistant professor of Physical Medicine

T. Ahadi MD Assistant professor of Physical Medicine

Source: slideplayer.com

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