Toxoplasmosis Screening Should Be Performed In The Prenatal Period, Thus Avoiding Serious Complications To The Fetus. The Knowledge Of The Immune Status Of Pregnant Women Is Also Important, As It Allows Adequately Inform The Woman About The Care They Should Have During Pregnancy.
The risks of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy are higher, in situations where the woman never had contact with the parasite, as if Infected throughout pregnancy, you can pass it on to the fetus, which can lead to very serious consequences. During the first three months of pregnancy, the risk of the fetus being infected is low, but the risk of injury is higher, such as spontaneous abortion, body and mental development delay and situations of blindness and deafness.
The risk to the fetus depends on the maternal immunity at the time of parasitémia and is related to the gestational age at which infection occurs: when maternal infection occurs in the third trimester, the fetus transmission is more frequent, but the disease of the newborn is usually subclinical. In situations where the infection occurs early in the pregnancy, the fetal transmission is less frequent, but the newborn disease is more serious.
Pregnant women who do not have immunity to toxoplasmosis should have some basic care such as wash the vegetables and fruits before you ingest, Cook meat well and wash your hands thoroughly after preparing and in situations of direct contact with cats, avoid contact with the feces with maternity footwear.
The diagnosis of toxoplasmosis is accomplished through serological tests, based on research and determination of IgM and IgG class antibodies produced by the body in response to an infectious agent.
Once established the diagnosis and therapy, the expectant mother instituted should be referenced for the surveillance of fetal involvement. In the treatment of tooxoplasmose in pregnancy, medicine refers to the use of antibiotics to reduce the risk of transmission of the virus to the fetus. The antibiotics that can be used are the Spiramycin in the first trimester of pregnancy or the combination of Sulfadiazine, sulfadoxine in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.
Toxoplasmosis and pregnancy
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