Stretch Marks In Pregnancy – Causes, Prevention And Treatment

The appearance of stretch marks in pregnancy, medical calls removal gravidarum, is an extremely common occurrence, affect the 70 90% of pregnant women, especially in the third quarter, when the rupture the skin of the abdominal region becomes more intense.

In this article we will address the following points about the stretch marks in pregnancy:

What are stretch marks.

Risk factors for the appearance of stretch marks in pregnancy.

Appearance of stretch marks in pregnancy.

How to avoid the appearance of stretch marks in pregnancy.

What Are Stretch Marks

Our skin has elastic properties that make it able to stretch as the individual grows or fattening. However, this flexibility has a limit. If the distens of the skin occur quickly, that is, over the course of weeks, the skin can’t keep up with the pace of expansion, suffering injuries in their elastic fibers. These elastic fibers of the skin lesions form scars, which are nothing more than stretch marks.

Stretch marks usually appear in areas subject to continual and progressive rupture, as is the case of the abdominal region during pregnancy.

In this article we will address only the stretch marks that arise in pregnancy. If you are interested in learning more about the appearance of stretch marks in other situations, read: STRETCH MARKS | Causes and treatment.

Risk Factors For The Appearance Of Stretch Marks In Pregnancy

The rapid growth of the volume of the abdominal region, mainly from the end of the second trimester of pregnancy, is the leading risk factor for the appearance of Striae gravidarum removal. However, other factors present in pregnancy also influence the development of stretch marks, such as:

Natural hormonal changes of pregnancy – estrogen, hormones such as cortisol, relaxinas and others make the elastic fibers of the skin more fragile, making your breakup when subjected to large sprains.

A familial tendency for formation of stretch marks -there is a clear genetic component in the formation of stretch marks during pregnancy. Women with a family history of stretch marks, especially removal gravidarum, present a higher risk to develop moderate to severe stretch marks in pregnancy.

Maternal Age- younger women (under 25 years) have a skin more “hard”, featuring ease of breakup of elastic fibers. The younger for the expectant mother, the greater the risk of developing stretch marks.Pregnant women over 30-35 years have a lower risk.

First pregnancy – the risk of stretch marks appear is much higher in the first pregnancy that in subsequent pregnancies. After a first pregnancy, the skin is already more flaccid and more able to pull again. Pregnant women also usually at least two or three years older than the first pregnancy.

Weight of the fetus – the higher the growth of belly in pregnancy, the greater the fraying of the skin and, consequently, the greater the risk of stretch marks appear. So the baby’s size is a relevant risk factor. For obvious reasons, a car also pregnancy greatly increases the chances of stretch marks.

Weight gain in pregnancy – the greater the weight gain in pregnancy, the greater the risk of stretch marks.

Ethnicity of pregnancy -pregnant non-white ethnicity present a greater risk of developing stretch marks during pregnancy.

Existence of stretch marks before pregnancy – women who even before being pregnant already are likely to develop stretch marks, especially on the belly and breasts, high risk of having removal gravidarum.

Despite the bloating of the abdomen to be the main risk factor for the appearance of stretch marks, the factors described above explain why some women develop little or no stretch marks during pregnancy, while others suffer with dozens of new scars on abdomen and breasts, even though both have bellies of similar size.

Appearance Of Stretch Marks In Pregnancy

Stretch marks pregnancy usually arise from the 6th month of pregnancy. Initially, the striations are pink. The new lesions may itchy and around the stretch marks skin seems thin. Gradually, stretch marks can grow in length and width, and your coloring becomes more purplish or reddish. The older stretch marks will losing your coloring. In the early months of pregnancy, they begin to fade, becoming pale or lightly silvered. The ancient grooves can also be slightly depressed and with irregular shape.

Stretch marks in pregnancy appear prominently in the abdominal area, but are also common in the breasts, buttocks, hips, lower back and up in arms, if the patient has great weight gain in pregnancy.

How To Avoid The Appearance Of Stretch Marks In Pregnancy

The bad news is that there is no 100% effective treatment for stretch marks. The current prevention strategies are effective, too. If you are a young and pregnant women have genetic propensity, unfortunately there’s nothing very effective to do. You will develop stretch marks on your pregnancy by jeans reviewed by themeparktour.

In pregnancy it is not possible to control the main risk factor, which is the growth of abdominal volume, so prevention is more difficult than in the general population.Control weight gain during pregnancy is important because, if in addition to the distension of the abdomen by the enlargement of the uterus skin also suffer stress by increased adipose tissue (fatty tissue) the chance of streaks is even greater.

In patients outside of pregnancy, using retinoico acid or tretinoin, mainly in early stages, when the stretch marks are small and rosettes, presents good results. The problem is that there are still no studies that are clearly the safety of the use of these substances in pregnancy. As the removal gravidarum is a question basically aesthetics, not worth it for the baby at risk using treatments studied in pregnant women.

Most of the creams and lotions presents little or no results. Although widely disseminated, the creams based on cocoa butter did not provide satisfactory results in scientific studies performed with this product. Other moisturizing creams or oils also suffer from scientific evidence, despite being widely recommended. However, as no harm, most doctors end up not opposing the your use.

A Spanish study showed benefits with the use of a cream called Trofolastin, consisting of CENTELLA asiatica, vitamin E and collagen. However, to make sure of your safety and efficacy, larger studies are still needed with this drug.

Laser treatment can be carried out after the end of pregnancy and presents good results, managing to ease the striations, even the oldest.

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