Ohio

Ohio State Travel Guide

North America

Ohio is located in the northeastern United States, between Michigan (north), Kentucky (south), Pennsylvania and West Virginia (east), and Indiana (west). The state is divided into no less than ten regions, namely Northern, Northeastern, Northcentral, Northwestern, Western, Southwestern, Eastern, Southeastern, Central and Southern.

The Buckeye State has a temperate climate, with cold winters and warm summers; the south is the warmest. On average, temperatures in the winter hover around -6 degrees Celsius, while the mercury usually reaches 30 degrees in the summer. Every year about 40 cm of rain falls from the sky, and about 100 cm of snow. The best time to go to Ohio is in the spring and fall. Not because of the temperatures, but because of the changing leaves on the trees. Although the Indian Summer is mainly attributed to New England, Ohio can also be proud of its autumn panoramas.

Flora in fauna

This state is fairly flat, with some mountainous regions along the Ohio River, which forms the border with West Virginia. In the Southeast, pines, magnolias, and sourwoods are abundant, with a carpet of sassafras, dogwood, pawpaw, and witch hazel beneath. Various species of oak, poplar, birch, hickory, elm, pine, and beech grow throughout the state. The state tree, the buckeye, is characterized by cream-colored flowers that transform into hard nuts after blooming. Mammals are also abundant in Ohio. White-tailed deer, badgers, raccoons, coyotes, beavers, rabbits, marmots, oppossums and red and gray wolves, among others, live there to their fullest satisfaction. Herons, weeping doves, kingfishers and a number of species of ducks, woodpeckers and warblers soar in the air. In the waters of the Ohio the lakes swim include perch, carp, trout, pike, catfish and the viviparous pike. Snakes also thrive in this state; in addition to harmless species such as the northern water snake and the eastern hognose, you should watch out for the venomous northern copperhead, swamp rattler and timber rattlesnake.

Main cities

Columbus is the state capital of Ohio. In addition, Cleveland (PHOTO ABOVE), Cincinnati, Dayton, Toledo and Warren are also significant cities.

Water

Ohio has more than 70,000 miles of waterways and 2,500 lakes within its borders; an ideal opportunity for fishing, boating, swimming or rafting! Lake Erie in particular, one of the Great Lakes, is an infinitely heaving world. And where there is water, there are birds; Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge, for example, offers many opportunities to view birds in their natural habitat.

Rock and Roll

Cleveland is also home to the Mecca for music fans and artists: The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum. Here you will find a wealth of memorabilia from artists and bands as diverse as Elvis, Aretha Franklin, Pearl Jam and Roy Orbison. Anyone who is admitted here will go down in history as a top artist. Or paying visitor, of course.

Delaware , Ohio

This city was founded in 1808 and was named after the Indian tribe of the same name. Coincidentally, Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States, was born here. But the star attraction is the historic downtown, where history is still alive as it was 200 years ago. Dotted with verdant trees, authentic Victorian buildings and antique shops, this is a wonderful place for an afternoon stroll or a late lunch.

Ohio

David Berger National Monument

In 1972, during the Summer Olympic Games in Munich, a tragedy took place that went down in history under the name of the Munich Massacre. At that time, Palestinian terrorists belonging to the Black September organization and Fatah captured and subsequently murdered eleven members of the Israeli sports team. It all took place on September 5, 1972, the kidnappers named this event “Irkit and Biram”.

One of the causes of the massacre was insufficient security conditions in the Olympic village. Athletes and guests could come and go without any checks, neither police officers nor guards could be seen anywhere. Despite the fact that the head of the Israeli Olympic delegation, Samuel Lalkin, drew attention to the insufficient protection of athletes even before the Games began, no attention was paid to him. In the early hours of the morning, the Palestinians reached the village and broke into the apartment occupied by the Israeli team. Some managed to escape, others were shot while trying to escape, and others were handcuffed in the room.

The main demand of the Palestinian terrorists was the release of 234 Palestinian-Arab prisoners in Israel and two German terrorists from the Red Army Faction (RAF) imprisoned in Germany. In exchange for the hostages, they demanded their safe departure to Egypt. However, this was not fulfilled, so they asked for the possibility to leave Germany with their hostages. The government agreed, according to the agreement they had a plane ready at the airport to take them to some Arab country.

In reality, however, Bavarian officials had no intention of letting the terrorists leave Germany. A hastily assembled police unit was ready at the airport to capture or eliminate the hijackers and free the hostages. However, this action did not succeed and thus all 11 members of the Israeli teams and some of the kidnappers lost their lives. Among the victims of the Palestinian terrorist attack were Josef Gutfreund, Amicur Šapitó, Andrej Spitzer, Kehat Šorra, Jakov Sprinter, Moše Weinberg, David Berger, Eliezer Halfin, Mark Slavin, Josef Romano, Zev Friedman.

In the American state of Ohio today we can find the David Berger National Memorial, which honors the memory of David Mark Berger – an American citizen who competed for the Israeli team in 1972 and therefore became one of the eleven athletes who lost their lives in Munich. Berger was a 28-year-old successful weightlifter. The monument is dedicated not only to his memory, but also to the memory of ten other athletes whose lives were ended by this tragedy. The memorial is a sculptural work of black steel that represents the broken Olympic rings. It thus symbolizes the violent interruption of the Munich Olympic Games. The eleven depicted rings are a memorial to every athlete who died here. The author of this work from 1975 is originally Romanian sculptor David E. Davis.

The statue stood at the Mayfield Jewish Center and was designated a national monument in 1980. As the Mayfield Center was slated for demolition in 2005, the statue was moved to the Mandel Jewish Center, in Beachwood, Ohio. Geographically, it falls under the Cuyahoga Valley National Park, but is maintained by the municipality.