The pseudociese, popularly known as hysterical pregnancy or false pregnancy, is a rare syndrome in which a woman who is not pregnant, really believes that not only is expecting a baby, as is often the case with the present typical symptoms of pregnancy, including lack of menstruation and abdominal growth.
The pseudociese is a psychological disorder, which has nothing to do with pretense or Sham. A woman who pretends to be pregnant you don’t have hysterical pregnancy. To be pseudociese, the patient has to really believe that you are pregnant wearing maternity leggings from thefreegeography.
In this article we will address the following points about the hysterical pregnancy:
Incidence in the population.
Causes of pseudociese.
Symptoms of hysterical pregnancy.
Diagnosis of false pregnancy.
Treatment of pseudociese.
Incidence Of Psychological Pregnancy On Population
The hysterical pregnancy is a condition that affects women of all ethnicities, regions and social levels. The pseudociese is more common in women who are married and aged between 20 and 40 years, but there are cases described of false pregnancy in children and older women, even after menopause.
The hysterical pregnancy is a matter quite explored in movies, novels and books, but your real incidence is very low. Only 22,000 pregnancies is fake 1:00 pm each, i.e. only 0.005% of pregnant women have, in fact, pseudociese.
Causes Of Pseudociese
The pseudociese is a known syndrome for several centuries. Its incidence has been greater, but it is believed that the changing role of women in society has been responsible for the decline in the occurrence of cases of hysterical pregnancy. For many centuries the woman was seen only in the role of mother, being considered useless if it wasn’t able to raise a family. Currently, women have other responsibilities and desires in addition to be mothers. In addition, technological advances enable many women with fertility problems can become pregnant, decreasing the cases of infertile women who can’t have children.
The pseudociese seem to occur due to stimuli of the neuroendocrine system caused by psychological factors.Cases of stress, anxiety and/or intense social/family pressure could act on hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary, desregulando hormone production, which would lead to symptoms similar to those of pregnancy, as absence of menstruation, nausea and breast augmentation.
Among the situations that have been identified as triggers for psychological pregnancy include:
-Find that the husband will leave her, if you can’t have a child.
-Intense pressure by family a pregnancy.
-Fear of becoming pregnant.
– Sexual abuse during childhood.
-Be experiencing great emotional stress.
-Infertility in women who desire very pregnant.
-Occurrence of spontaneous abortions in women who do not have children yet (and want to have them).
-Be close to menopause and still want to have children.
-Have a personality that doesn’t deal well with critics or undesirable events.
To be pseudociese the patient has to really believe that you are pregnant. People who pretend to a pregnancy intentionally do not fall within this framework.
Symptoms Of Hysterical Pregnancy
The hysterical pregnancy, in some cases, can be impressive, with multiple symptoms of a real pregnancy.
Symptoms of pregnancy that the pseudociese can produce are:
-Absence of menstruation.
-Feel fetal movements.
There are cases of women who arrive at the emergency room with symptoms of labor.
The pseudociese usually last a few weeks, but there are cases that persist for months or years. In some women, symptoms disappear after they come into “labor”. Women feel pain, as if it was giving birth, and then improve the framework. They don’t always understand what occurred. It is common to hear a patient say that had an abortion or that the son was taken away by God.
The hysterical pregnancy can precede the parecimento of any other psychiatric illness such as depression or psychosis.
Diagnosis Of Hysterical Pregnancy
In many women, the hysterical pregnancy only presents a single difference in relation to actual pregnancies: the lack of a fetus in the womb. All women with symptoms of pregnancy must perform a pregnancy test that consists in determination of BhCG, hormone produced by the placenta during pregnancy. Not surprisingly, women with pseudociese not produce BhCG and pregnancy tests are negative.
Another test that can be done is the abdominal ultrasound that will show an empty uterus, proving that there is no ongoing pregnancy. In women with milk secretion by the breasts it is important to rule out the presence of prolactinoma, a pituitary gland tumor that stimulates the production of prolactin, a hormone responsible for milk production.
Treatment Of Pseudociese
In General, it is not easy to convince a woman for months you think you’re pregnant, that she has is an illusion, that it was all created by your head. Often, the pseudociese is the outlet that the brain found to deal with the psychological adversities. There is no established treatment for pregnancy.
Usually, we follow up with a psychiatrist, even in cases where the symptoms disappear spontaneously.