Georgia State Travel Guide

North America

Georgia is located in the southeastern United States, between the states of Tennessee and North Carolina (north), South Carolina (east), Florida (south), and Alabama (west). The state is divided into five regions, namely Mountains, Atlanta Metro, Coast, Southern Rivers, and Historic South.

Predominantly a continental climate prevails here, with a temperate to sub-tropical maritime climate on the coast. Georgia has (very) hot and humid summers, with temperatures reaching 45°C. The mild winters usually keep the mercury around freezing. Most precipitation falls in spring and winter, so in a nutshell late summer and fall are the best seasons to go. If you don’t mind a few splashes of rain, head to Georgia in the spring. Then all the buds open and the state changes into a colorful sea of ​​blossoms and flowers.

Flora and fauna in Georgia

Georgia has a varied landscape that ranges from the mountainous region around the Blue Ridge (PHOTO ABOVE) and Appalachian Mountains, which flow from the rolling hills in the center to the sandy beaches and offshore islands. To the southeast, the Okefenokee Swamp is pristine and pure. And also water they have enough in this state; the Savannah, Oconee, and Ocmulgee, among others, flow through Georigia. Because almost 40% is covered by forests where hardly any people come, the wildlife has been able to develop undisturbed. It yields a rich diversity of animals and plants.

The state’s territory includes the Blue Ridge Mountains and part of the Appalachian Mountains. The central area of ​​Georgia consists of hilly landscapes. Along the coast are beautiful sandy beaches and islands known as the Golden Isles. A few million years ago, the islands were still completely under water. Not far from the coast are swamps including the Okefenokee swamp, which is also one of the most pristine natural areas in the United States.

Main cities in Georgia

The state capital of Georgia is Atlanta. Other cities of significance are Augusta, Columbus, Savannah and Athens.


The city of Augusta, which is the second largest city in the state of Georgia, covers an area of 793 km2. Almost 600 thousand inhabitants live here. In 1996, Augusta’s administrative administration was merged with that of adjacent Richmond County.

The territory of today’s city was originally used by the Indians as a ford across the Savannah River. It was not until 1735, shortly after the founding of the city of Savannah, that Georgia founder James Oglethorpe had new dwellings built along the river. It was supposed to serve as a defense line against possible attacks from the Spanish or French. This emerging city was named after Princess Augusta, who was the daughter-in-law of the British King George II. and mother of George III. In the period between 1785 and 1795, Augusta was the capital of Georgia.

Among the most important monuments of the city is the Augusta Canal from 1845 located on the Savannah River. It was built together with the power plant as a source of electricity, a water reservoir and a traffic artery. It is the only intact industrial canal in the American South that, despite continuous use, has survived to this day. With the construction of the canal, the city experienced considerable industrial development, especially in the textile industry. During the 19th century, he thus helped in the flourishing of the Industrial Revolution. In 1975, the canal was entered into the National Register of Historic Places and declared a National Cultural Monument in 1978.

Today, the canal offers 8.5 miles of waterways that are used for recreation, entertainment, but also have historical significance. Although the canal is located near the city, its surroundings have become a refuge for numerous species of plants and animals, you can even come across rare and endangered species here. The Masters Tournament is held annually in Augusta. The city is the birthplace of the famous singer, songwriter and publisher James Brown. In 1845, the First Baptist Church was formed in the city.

Savannah, Georgia

Looking for trees, overgrown with Spanish moss (PHOTO BELOW), cotton plantations and homemade peach cobbler? This charming old coastal city is a textbook example of the atmosphere for which the old south is known.

Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia

The largest freshwater marsh in the United States boasts nearly 125 miles of canoe routes, but it also makes an interesting day trip for the non-active traveler.

Little White House in Georgia

The six-room home of former President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, where he regularly received treatment for his polio. The town of Warm Springs has medicinal springs that are beneficial for paralysis and other ailments.