Cities and Places in Nicaragua

Cities and Places in Nicaragua

South America


The city was founded in the 16th century and declared the capital in 1858. In 1937 it was badly damaged by a large fire and in 1972 by an earthquake. Hurricane “Mitch” also wreaked havoc in 1988. Therefore, there are hardly any older buildings that are worth seeing, but attempts are being made to rebuild the ruins of the cathedral, presidential palace, national palace and the Ruben Dario theater. One of the few buildings spared from the 1972 earthquake is the Rubén Darío National Theater, the main theater in Nicaragua and one of the most modern in Central America. The city has about 1, 7 million residents, making it the largest city in Nicaragua. In the city area there are four lagoons that serve as water reservoirs. In the surrounding green highlands of Nicaragua you can hike and enjoy beautiful landscapes.


The former capital has 160,000 residents and is a center for sugar and peanut cultivation. The city was founded under the rule of the Spaniards and still has numerous buildings from the colonial era. The cathedral is one of the largest and oldest in all of Central America. Other sights include the Ortíz Gurdian Museum with classic and modern paintings and the home of the poet Rubén Dario, which has been converted into a museum. Close to the city are the ruins of León Viejo, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. An earthquake and the Momotombo volcanic eruption in 1609 reduced the city to rubble. A boat tour through the Juan Venado nature reserve offers the opportunity to explore nature. Over a length of 20 km, tropical forest with mangroves forms the habitat for a species-rich fauna. A bumpy road leads out of the city to the Cerro Negro volcano. Once at the top there is a wonderful view of the surrounding volcanoes on a clear day. Visit securitypology for Nicaragua Tour Plan.


The Masaya Volcano is located in southern Nicaragua and is in the Masaya Volcano National Park. At the entrance to the national park there is a small museum where you can learn more about the volcanoes of Central America. There are several hiking trails to the top of the volcano. The hiking trail “Sendero Los Coyotes” is a 1.5 km long path on which one can see moon-like formations, craters and various animals. On the “El Comalito” path there is a volcanic grotto with fumaroles. From the top of the volcano there is a wonderful view of the Laguna de Masaya and its surroundings. It’s hard to imagine, but there actually lives a species of bird in this active crater that doesn’t seem to mind the volcano’s fumes. In the immediate vicinity is a town of the same name, which is best known for its numerous colorful markets. To the west of the Masaya volcano, between Granada and Managua, lies the Chocoyero / El Brujo nature reserve.

Lake Nicaragua

Lake Nicaragua is located in the southwest of Nicaragua on the state border with Costa Rica and is the largest lake in Central America. There are more than 400 islands in the lake, the largest being Zapatera in the north and Ometepe in the center of the lake. With around 270 km², Ometepe is the world’s largest volcanic island in a freshwater lake. The island offers many opportunities for great excursions: the Maderas and Concepción volcanoes are ideal for hiking, the surroundings can be admired from horseback or rented bicycles, hike to the San Ramón waterfall or just enjoy the beautiful beach of Santo Domingo. A special feature of the island is the different types of sandy beaches: On the one hand you encounter black sand made of volcanic rock, on the other hand you can visit Playa Santo Domingo, on the isthmus between the two volcanoes,

San Juan del Sur

San Juan del Sur is a fishing village in the southwest of Nicaragua, which has now become a tourist destination, but has retained its original charm. The quiet fishing village is located in a horseshoe-shaped bay and primarily attracts surfers who drive a few kilometers north from San Juan del Sur to Majagual to take advantage of the waves of the Pacific in the bay there. In this pleasant and wonderful environment, you can enjoy the beach and the sea to the full. San Juan del Sur has numerous beaches with many restaurants specializing in seafood along the promenades. There is a small market hall and numerous accommodations, buses go to Rivas and El Ostional. Depending on the season, there is also the opportunity to learn something about the turtles,

Región Autónoma del Atlantico No.

One of the two largest departments of Nicaragua is the Región Autónoma Atlantico Norte (RAAN) or today also Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte (RACCN), located in the north on the Atlantic coast. The country has paradisiacal coasts with red coral reefs, beautiful bays and colored lagoons. The interior is characterized by flat hills and tropical jungles, which are home to many different tribes and cultures. Each of these peoples has their own customs and traditions that they are happy to convey to visitors. Because of this great variety, the range of dishes in the RAAN is so diverse and varied. Many sporting activities such as diving, fishing or snorkeling can be undertaken here. A boat tour to the Miskito Keys is also extremely worthwhile. The island archipelago 80 kilometers off the coast of Nicaragua is under the protection of UNESCO. This paradise consists of endless dream beaches in the turquoise Caribbean and the colorful coral reefs with rainbow-colored fish amaze every diver. In the middle of the sea, the local fishermen have built huts on bamboo stilts from which they fish in the sea. There is also a huge turtle colony on the archipelago and there are numerous rare bird species. from which they fish in the sea. There is also a huge turtle colony on the archipelago and there are numerous rare bird species. from which they fish in the sea. There is also a huge turtle colony on the archipelago and there are numerous rare bird species.

Región Autónoma Atlántico Sur

South of the RAAN is the Región Autónoma Atlántico Sur, or RAAS for short. It is the largest department in the country and its residents are mainly natives or immigrants from African Caribbean countries. Here it is relatively rainy with consistently pleasant temperatures. You can buy very beautiful works at numerous colorful craft markets. The region is ideal for hiking, as well as for observing plants, birds and, above all, nocturnal animals. The beaches of Corn Island, two islands about 70 kilometers off the coast, are wonderful. Here you can try particularly good fish dishes and seafood, directly and freshly caught from the sea.

Cities and Places in Nicaragua