Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma Gongii, present in contaminated soil, in the feces of some animals, and in poorly cooked or raw meat.
This infection, being little problematic for an adult woman, can however be very dangerous for the developing fetus.
In this article you can know the symptoms of this infection in pregnancy, the dangers to the baby, and also the treatment of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy.
Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
Many women are infected with toxoplasmosis during their lifetime without knowing it, thereby gaining immunity. In these cases, when the woman becomes pregnant, there is no danger to the baby.
However, if you have never been infected with this parasite, then it means that you do not have immunity.
In this situation, if it is contaminated with toxoplasmosis during pregnancy, this will pose several dangers to the baby. Get to know the symptoms of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy.
Symptoms of Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy
Although in most situations toxoplasmosis is asymptomatic, there are however some signs that may arise. Thus, symptoms of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy include:
– muscle aches;
– swollen liver.
Toxoplasmosis risks in pregnancy
When the woman is infected with this parasite during pregnancy, the risks to the baby are very high, since the infection can be transmitted to her.
In the first three months, although the risk of mother-to-baby transmission is low, there is a high risk of complications and injuries.
These include: hydrocephalus, miscarriage, deafness, seizures, eye injuries, blindness, brain calcifications, mental retardation and developmental delay.
The more advanced the gestation, the greater the risk of transmission, but the lower the risks of complications.
Treatment for toxoplasmosis in pregnancy
If it is infected during pregnancy, treatment should be started immediately to reduce the risk of transmission of the infection to the fetus.
In addition, a specific test, called cordocentesis, should be performed to see if the baby has been infected or not.
Treatment will consist of taking antibiotics. In the first trimester, the antibiotic used is spiramycin.
In the second and third trimesters, a combination of folinic acid, pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine should be taken.