The Pinacoteca do Estado de São Paulo presents, for the first time in Brazil, the exhibition Eldorado Gold: pre-Columbian Art from Colombia. And worth checking out the 250 artifacts, because the collection is considered one of the most important in the world and belongs to the Museo del Oro from Colombia.
The pieces are of 500 – 1,500 a.d., when the peoples of the region of present-day Colombia had achieved great political, social and religious development. You can see the prosperity by Goldsmith, also very developed.
This golden people used various techniques to shape the gold, shown on video at the exhibition. Liked to explore the human figure, animals, geometric shapes or a combination of all of them to make their masks, pectorals, nariqueras, pendants and various objects. Depict serpents, frogs, bats, birds, deer, lizards and snails, among other animals. And also combined human traits to animals such as the jaguar, man men monkey tail, fish people, and also the man-bird, with legs that turn into tail and arms into wings. Most of the jewelry was a religious or symbolic character, used for vanity.
One of the areas of exposure, named Golden People, references the term “El Dorado”, created by the Spanish conquistadors when they meet rituals where the Indian Chief, covered in gold dust, released precious objects at the bottom of a pond, as an offering to the deities. The term generated the myth of an alleged “city of gold” that gave rise to several Hollywood film productions.
The tumbaga, a mixture of gold and copper, has been the most used alloy between pre-Hispanic goldsmiths of the Colombian territory. Joining the gold with different amounts of copper, the Goldsmith produced various Golden tones, including reddish tones. To make Golden blades, were knocking on metal alloys goldsmiths with hammers of various shapes and sizes. To be hammered, the material becomes brittle, so the Goldsmith had to heat the metal and then cool it in water. This process, which repeated many times, allowed to continue pounding until thickness and desired size according to cachedjewelry. The blades were then cut out with stone or metal cinzeles.
The goldsmiths of ancient Colombia also made wax moulds, using beeswax, for locking of animals or human figures. Worked, first, wax, as if they were making small sculptures. Later, this figure involved with clay. When dry, the clay was heated, the wax melted and the result was a hollow mold, finally, would be filled with molten gold. Dry the gold, the clay was broken and the artifact was finally ready. Until today, you get using this method!
It’s easier to understand the production process watching a video. Therefore, pass in the Pinacoteca. And be sure to check these beautiful pieces!
Pinacoteca do Estado-Praça da Luz, 2-Tel. (11) 3324-1000
From Tuesday to Sunday, from 10:00 to 6:00 pm | R $6.00 and R $3.00 (half). Free on Saturdays.
Exhibition open until 22 August 2010.